Power and Self Image through Transitivity and Modality: Systemic Functional Linguistic Approach

  • Chalimah Chalimah Linguistic Department of Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Sumarlam Sumarlam Linguistic Department of Universitas Sebelas Maret
Keywords: Transitivity, Modality, Systemic Functional Linguistics, Power, Self Image


The aim of this research was to investigate the transitivity and the modality used by the president of Indonesia “Jokowiâ€. I wanted to find out the power and the image of the president through the analysis of his utterances and answered the relation between social and context. I analyzed two speeches. I took the speech texts from Rappler.com. It was an online news site. I analyzed the data by using Halliday’s theory of Systemic Functional Linguistics. There were three findings in this research namely: 1) the word ‘say’ as the verbal process could be also as the example for behavioral process but it needed more explanation that it was verbal in action; 2) The most common process types used by Jokowi were material process, relational process, and mental process. 3) The biggest part of speech 1 and speech 2 were in the level of median politeness.



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